Women should perform a breast self-exam monthly. Instructions are available at: www.cancer.org. Click here for self-exam instructions.
Women should have a pap smear once a year for two years. If both pap smears are normal, women may then have a pap smear every three years or as recommended by their physician.
Chlamydia & Gonorrhea
Sexually active women under age 25 should have a chlamydia and gonorrhea screening during their routine health examination.
Check at each doctor visit, or at least every 2 years, more often if high.
Recommended for women at high risk. Risk factors that will be considered by your doctor include diabetes, a family history of cardiovascular disease, family history of high cholesterol, and multiple coronary heart disease risk factors (e.g., tobacco use, hypertension.)
We all feel down or blue at times. However if these feelings are strong or last for a long time, contact your doctor as this may be a sign of depression. Answer these questions: 1) Over the past two weeks, have you ever felt down, depressed, or hopeless? 2) Over the past two weeks, have you felt little interest or pleasure in doing things?
Recommended for women at high risk. Risk factors that will be considered by your doctor include obesity, family history, history of gestational diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol. African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans are also at higher risk of developing diabetes.
Tdap/ TD Shot
Women should have the Tdap vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough) once as an adult, and continue tetanus/ diphtheria (TD) shots every 10 years.
Women may choose to have a flu shot every year. It is strongly recommended for women who will be pregnant during the influenza season; healthcare workers, and women with chronic illnesses or immune system problems.
Pneumonia, hepatitis, chicken pox, or meningitis vaccinations are recommended only for those at high risk.
Always wear sun protection outside including sun screen and protective clothing. Skin exams may be necessary.
Women should take folic acid supplements.
Women should take calcium supplements by age 35.
Discuss safety and any of the following: smoking cessation, AIDS, family planning and alcohol/drug abuse.
Discuss any hearing loss and/or noise exposure with your physician.